Dengue Fever In Newborn Babies
Dengue is one of the most fatal and painful diseases that one can suffer in a lifetime. It is caused by the bite of an Aedes mosquito (there are several mosquitos which bite but this variety carriers the virus). This disease is not contagious and does not spread from one person to another. The primary symptoms of Dengue include persisting fever, severe headache and pain behind the eyes that is felt upon moving them. This disease has no vaccination and is completely dependent on home remedies for prevention.
Anyone and everyone, from a new born baby to an old man, can suffer Dengue as a disease. So, it is very important for us to know the symptoms of the disease in order to cure it. The most fragile human beings are the newborn babies who don’t have a good and strong immune system to fight the Dengue virus. It’s quite essential to know the symptoms of Dengue fever that persist in the babies in order to cure this disease in the initial stage itself.
1. Signs and symptoms of dengue in babies
Before studying the symptoms of this disease, one should know that the severity of this disease varies among different age groups.
• Mild symptoms are seen in young children and those who are suffering from this disease for the first time, while those who have already been affected once would be having symptoms varying from moderate to extreme.
• The primary symptom of Dengue is high fever that occurs 5-6 days after the baby is infected by the mosquito. This fever is termed as the “Breakbone Fever” because it leads to terrible pain in the bones.
• Apart from the fever, there are other symptoms such as pain behind the eyes, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, body pain, and rashes on the skin, mild nosebleeds and bleeding gums. But these symptoms are more prominent in the adults than in the babies. Therefore, this fever is sometimes confused with some other infections in the babies.
• A more severe form of Dengue is called Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever. Babies suffering from this disease will suffer from a fever for about 2 to 7 days. But after the fever eases out, the other symptoms following it would worsen, leading to serious signs like severe bleeding, difficulty in breathing and problems like vomiting and nausea.
This disease requires immediate treatment. If not treated timely, the signs may lead to a more worsening stage. Symptoms such as heavy bleeding, a rapid drop in blood pressure and organ failure can accompany this.
2. Treatment for dengue fever in babies
Currently, there is no particular medicine prescribed for Dengue. If the severity level is high, the patient is required to be hospitalised, though with increase in age the severity does reduce and the ability to fight the disease/virus becomes stronger. Regular blood checks and platelet counts are very essential for babies suffering from this disease. Prior precautions should always be taken to cure this disease.
3. Protecting your newborn from Dengue
As there are no vaccines in particular for the Dengue fever, the best way to protect your newborn baby from Dengue is by protecting them from mosquito bites. Here are some tips:
• Keep your baby’s skin covered with long-sleeve shirts and full-length pants.
• Dress your baby in light colour clothes as it is said that dark colours attract mosquitoes.
• Make your baby wear herbal mosquito sprays or oil-based creams.
• While your baby is asleep, cover him or her with mosquito net.
• Install mosquito meshes on windows and try to keep the room air conditioned as that helps in keeping the mosquitoes at bay.