Facts about platelets donation process

Wednesday, 19/10/2016

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There are many interesting facts and figures about Platelets and Platelet Transfusion that are unknown! Platelets main function is to circulate our blood and to perform important job of stopping blood lost. There are few things that are listed below, which might not be known:

1.Platelets are one of the most important cells present in our body, platelets are disc-shaped cells present in blood. They are needed for stopping blood loss by helping it to clot. Platelets are produced inside the bone marrow from ‘megakaryocytes’, a large bone marrow cell inside human body.

2.According to a current research, 40% patients suffer from platelet loss by mosquito-borne diseases and the rest 37% of patients suffers decrease due to cancer and about 23% of patients suffers decrease in platelets due to organ transplant and
heart surgery.

3.There are approximately about 1,50,000-4,00,000 platelets in a single microliter of blood.

4.Major utilisation of Platelet transfusions is contributed to support treatment for cancers undergoing patients and to help them to control bleeding.

5.Maintenance of storing platelet because life time of a platelet is five days if stored properly and frozen. Hence, it become more challenging to maintain a proper supply of platelets.

6.The need of platelet donor is a constant increasing demand and there is no artificial substitute for platelets yet.

7.The machines used for platelet transfusion is known as plasma donations or apheresis machine. It separates the blood out into red blood cells and platelets.

8. Donating platelets takes about one to two and a half hour (it completely depends upon the donor’s platelet count), it is a long process with respect to blood donation.

9.A platelet donor can donate platelets every two weeks, a blood donor has a limitation of donating blood with a gap of three months. Because, the red blood cells are returned back to the donor in the process of platelet transfusion.

10.Every two seconds, a patient is in need of blood platelets.

11.The number of red blood cells needed every day by a single country is about 36,000 units and there are 196 countries in total.

12.About an average of 7,000 units of platelets and 10,000 units of plasma are required daily in a country.

13.According to last year record, blood components transfused was 21 million (average) per year of a country.

14.3 pints is the average number of red blood cell per platelet transfusion.

15.Type O is the most requested blood group by hospitals.

16.It is estimated that about 90,000 to 100,000 people get affected by Sickle cell disease across the country. About 6 out of 10 babies are born with this disease each year. Frequent blood transfusions are needed by Sickle cell patients and blood cancer patients throughout their whole life.

17.About 1.68 million peoples are estimated to be diagnosed with cancer by the end of the year 2016.

18.Chemotherapy treatment is a part of cancer treatment that requires lots of blood. Hence, many of them will require blood, almost daily, during the treatment sessions.

19.On an average scale it is noted that a car accident victim requires about 100 pints of blood to heal the blood lost.

20.The first platelet donation was started from the year 1967.

21.A+, B+, O+, AB+ & AB- are blood type that are recommended the most.

22.Single platelet can help up to three adults and six children.

Facts about being a platelet donor, a donor must follow the following terms:

●Should already be a blood donor
●Should have good veins
●Should have a platelet count ranging up to 250 or higher
●Should have a blood group A or O
●Should be able to commit to the donation programme
●Should meet other requirements asked at the time of donation form filling by the
doctor.
●The donor should inform the respective doctor about their medical history.