How To Minimise The Risk Of Chikungunya?

Wednesday, 21/09/2016

Chikungunya is an illness caused by the transmission of Chikungunya virus through the bites of the infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which is also known as the Asian Tiger. These are the same mosquitoes that cause Dengue fever as well. Some common symptoms of Chikungunya are severe pain in the joints and fever.

Other symptoms include fatigue, rashes, headaches and muscle pain. The Chikungunya virus was found in 2013 for the first time. There are yet no vaccines or medicines to prevent the occurrence of this disease or an antiviral treatment to treat the Chikungunya infection. However, this disease is generally not fatal and runs for a limited period of time only.

Following are some of the ways to minimise the risk of Chikungunya:

1. Clean out the standing water

Standing water is the main cause for the spread of this disease as it provides a perfect place for the Chikungunya mosquito to breed. Even though this mosquito is an aggressive daytime biter, make no mistake for its greed for the human blood. Make sure to keep your surroundings neat and clean. Do not let the water be kept at a certain place for a long period of time so it becomes a breeding place for the Chikungunya mosquito. Regularly clean your coolers and change its water, change the water of your flowerpots and clean any other place the water is stagnant at.

2. Keep your skin covered

If you are a traveller and are travelling somewhere South to a tropical region, then the best thing you can do to protect yourself is to cover your skin in order to prevent the mosquito bites. Remember to cover your limbs specifically. Wear clothes that cover maximum parts of your body. Another precaution that you can take is to wear a bug spray.

3. Clean your surroundings

The best way to minimise the risk of Chikungunya is to keep your surroundings clean. Stay in a properly air-conditioned place, do not to litter around the place and stay away from the places that you think might be a reservoir of any kind of mosquitos. Pregnant women, children and older people are mostly the infected ones. So, help them and keep their surroundings clean and tidy as well.

4. Reduce the risk of mosquito bites

As we have already discussed, Chikungunya spreads through mosquito bites. Hence, preventing mosquito bites is the best way to prevent Chikungunya. It is recommended to use mosquito repellents to prevent mosquito bites. One should wear mosquito repellents at all times, regardless of being indoors or outdoors. But keep in mind that mosquito repellents don’t kill them. Some common mosquito repellents are:

• DEET (N,N-diethylmetatoluamide)

• Picaridin

• Oil of lemon eucalyptus

• Plant-based oil repellents that work for a shorter period of time, like oil of geranium, cedar, lemongrass, soy or citronella.

If one is infected with the Chikungunya virus, there is no particular treatment for it, other than taking proper rest, diet and medications. You need to ride and survive through the disease. For ladies who are pregnant, it is really difficult to manage tasks by themselves so a family member should be around to help them. Moreover, the doctors should have clean hands and tools while performing any kind of treatment. For the kids, it should be taken care that they don’t play in the swampy and dirty water or any unhygienic area in general. And for those who are old, they should take care of themselves as well as their surroundings.

5. Make sure to Kill-them-All

You should not just reduce the risk and know about the disease, but aim to kill each mosquito in your surrounding to avoid the infection from spreading. They best way to do so is by:

1. Aerosol cans

2. Body creams repellents

3. Coils

4. Paper-based repellents

There are several ways you can save yourself from getting bitten, also do remember to apply the anti-repellent creams behind your ears and around your ankles and toes. Mosquitos can attack at any places, you need to keep safe.
Another good tip is to spray the aerosol in all the covers of your environment, may it be your school, office or home. As well as under all openings you can find.
These tips will keep you safe and minimise the risk of chikungunya.