Is it Malaria or Dengue? Read to know.

Friday, 30/09/2016

So many people now-a-days especially in north India are either suffering from malaria or dengue. They are acute, chronic and infectious diseases that might even lead to death of a person. A common phenomenon especially in Delhi, Dengue is caused by the bite of a female Andes Mosquito causing a viral infection in a human being whereas Malaria is caused by a Parasite Plasmodium and can affect both human beings and animals.
Malaria (an infectious disease) which directly affects the Red Blood Cells or RBC’s can be transmitted if an Anopheles Mosquito bites a person or animal that is already infected with this disease. Dengue on the other hand is not an infectious disease but affects the RBC’S and platelets. They usually start falling once a person is infected with Dengue. The dengue mosquito bites a person in proper day light and its side effects start appearing in about 4 to 13 days before any proper signs or symptoms appear. Malaria and Dengue have a few common symptoms. They both start with
• Headaches
• Generalised weakness
• Intense muscle pain
• Lower back pain,

Slowly and steadily this result in
• Flu like illness
• Chills
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Coughing
• Diarrhea

Dengue fever, also known as break bone fever can vary from mild to severe. The more severe forms include Dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Patients who develop the more serious forms of Dengue fever are usually hospitalised.


Dengue Andes mosquito


Malaria can be controlled and treated if diagnosed early on. Derived from the Italian word for “bad air” and was originally thought that swamp fumes in Rome were the cause of Malaria because outbreaks were a regular occurrence. Malaria has incubation period of 7 days and for dengue it varies.



Malaria anopheles mosquito

Travellers are more prone to Dengue and Malaria. Both the diseases may result in death and are extremely lethal. They start with a mosquito bite and often ending with the death of the person. The mosquito can bite you anywhere resulting in severe complications. Researchers are working hard on improving the prevention of these two infections, early diagnosis and treatment, with just one vaccine close to being licensed so far.