Malaria –Symptoms, Detection and Precaution

Friday, 23/09/2016

Come Monsoons, Come Malaria
Well, that is not an invitation but a mere representation of how things are. The infected Anopheles mosquitoes enter your house, bite you and leave you with the parasitic infection.

Over the years malaria has become a significant global problem. There are approximately 216 million cases of the disease worldwide, killing about 655,000 people every year. Hence, it’s necessary to take know the symptoms of it and take proper precaution.

Symptoms of Malaria

The symptoms of malaria start to show in about 12-14 days after getting the infection.
• Initial symptoms include high fever accompanied with abdominal pain and headache.

• Fever during malaria is marked by frequent fluctuation in body temperature. The fever is accompanied by shaking chills and profuse sweating at times.

• The infected person also faces a loss of appetite.

• The fever is accompanied by shaking chills and profuse sweating at times.

• Drop in blood pressure with accompanying dizziness.

• Anemia and overall weakness caused by the destruction of infected red blood cells.

• Kidney failure.

Detection and Treatment

If any of these symptoms are visible, it is advisable to get a blood test done. The doctor will check mainly for 3 things: if the parasite is present or not, the red blood cell count and if the affected patient has an enlarged spleen. In case of prolonged fever, tests will also be done to check if the parasite has affected the patient’s kidney and liver.

If you test positive, start treatment immediately. The doctor will prescribe a combination of medicines that’ll help curb the fever as well as destroy the infection.

Malaria is mostly curable at home unless the infection is very grave.
It is mandatory that the infected person drinks a lot of fluids to keep the body hydrated.

Precautionary Measures

There are a number of small measures that you can take to prevent yourself from getting the infection:

• Stagnant water bodies are the breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Hence, it is advisable not to let water collect in puddles near your home during monsoons.

• Apply Kala HIT spray in the house from time to time to ensure the house is free of mosquitoes.

• Use insect repellent creams at all times. In case you use a sunscreen lotion, apply the sunscreen lotion first and then the repellent because the lotion will not work if it is covered by a thick layer of sunscreen.

• Go for full-sleeved clothing.
• In case you are travelling to a malaria prone area, consult your doctor and take a course of preventive medication.

• Infected persons should not donate blood for at least six months after the bout of fever.
While there is no absolute way to ascertain that mosquitoes won’t bite you, being a little cautious definitely helps.

If you have any questions about keeping mosquitoes away, or want to share your tips, reach out to us in the comments sections below.