Prevention Of Malaria

Friday, 30/09/2016

Malaria is a disease that is transmitted through an infected female Anopheles mosquito. This disease is mostly found in the tropical and the subtropical climate where the Plasmodium parasite who causes this disease resides.

How is Malaria Caused?

Malaria is a life threatening disease. Once the infected female Anopheles mosquito bites you, the protozoan is transmitted into your blood. When the parasites enter your body, they travel to the liver where they grow. A few days later, the parasites enter your blood and start infecting the Red Blood Cells. Within 2-3 days, the parasites start multiplying inside the red blood cells due to which the affected cells burst open. The parasites continue infecting the RBC’s, which results in symptoms that lasts for two to three days in a go.

Symptoms of Malaria

The symptoms of malaria usually occur after 10 days after the protozoan enters our bloodstream. But the symptoms may also appear after many weeks or months. In some cases the parasites remain dormant after entering the body and start infecting after a few weeks. The symptoms are :
• High fever – The person might suffer from high fever in the disease
• Severe chills ( the chills might vary from person to person – from moderate to severe)
• Vomiting
• Nausea
• Diarrhoea
• The patient might become anaemic
• Muscle pain
• The stools may become bloody
• Headache
• The patient may sweat profusely

Treatment of Malaria

There are certain anti–malarial drugs that are prescribed by the doctor to treat malaria. The drug that is to be consumed would depend on the severity of the symptoms. The drugs that are most commonly used are
• Quinine
• Primaquine Phosphate
• Atovaquone
• Doxycycline
• Artemether
• Chloroquine
Currently, research is being done to create a vaccination for Malaria. There is no commercial vaccination available for this disease. But RTS,S/ASO1 is currently regarded as the most advanced vaccination to fight the deadliest type of malaria caused in human – p. falciparum.

Prevention Of Malaria

Though malaria is a disease that can be treated and researchers are trying their best to come up with a drug that come suit with the climate of the tropical and sub – tropical regions and also fight the parasites. But it is also very important to prevent malaria from spreading in the surroundings.

1) Prevent yourself from the mosquito bite.
• The first step to prevent yourself from malaria is to prevent yourself from the mosquito bite by applying mosquito repellent cream with DEET Component
• Wear full clothes which would protect your hands as well as legs.
• It is advisable to stay at home when it is dark outside.
• Use sprays that kill the mosquitoes specially in areas where you sleep.
• Keep yourself knowledgeable about the areas where malaria and mosquitoes are in large number and while traveling avoid such places or visit such places with complete prevention.
• Use mosquito nets that are sprayed with permatherin and deltamethrin. But it is very important to make sure that these insecticides actually affects the mosquitoes because in some cases the mosquitoes get resistant to these insecticides.

2) Use medicines to prevent malaria
• Before going for a tour make sure you consult a travel clinic and buy the preventive medicines prescribed by the doctor.
• The medicine is selected in accordance to the geographical location where you may encounter malaria and also your health conditions. For example – the medication of pregnant women would differ from the medication of normal women.
• The consumption of the preventive medication is very important when you are supposed to visit a place where people are suffering from malaria. It has to be taken according to the dosage that would be prescribed by the doctor.
• In order to prevent yourself from malaria effectively follow the prescription of the dosage dutifully.
• And one should continue with the medications even after coming back in order to be safe from all the parasites. One should continue the medication for 1 month post returning from the malaria prone area.