Things You Should Know If In Contact With A Dengue Patient

Wednesday, 21/09/2016

Prevention is the best measure when it comes to any illness or disease, but in the case of Dengue, you do not get to know whether you have the Dengue virus or you just have a fever. Most of the symptoms are very similar. Also, as you are reading this article, you might feel that you could die or be extremely unwell for a while, but the chances of that happening are very slim. With proper medical attention, even the most severe near-death cases are averted. This virus’ mortality rate is as low as 1%.

Dengue is a viral infection, meaning it requires a host to move around from one victim to another. DEN-V1, DEN-V2, DEN-V3 and DEN-V4 are the identified viruses and move around from the incubation of mosquitoes there is a DEN-v5 strain which is under r esearch. Mosquitoes get contaminated through any form of water accumulation like open water containers, or any other form of water body .

Here are a few things you should do if in contact (unknowingly or if future contact is imminent) with the Dengue virus.

1. Avoid Cold Environments

It might seem a bit odd to get this advice, but the Dengue virus peaks up in India during the Monsoon season when it is hot, humid and wet — the best time for the breeding of the virus. If you’ll notice, cold and cough happens more during the winter season as all bacteria and viruses, well, most of them grow and multiply during the winter months. It is because our bodies aren’t able to kill them and the cell movements and reactions also get slowed down during the winter months.

2. Drink Warm Water

Going along with the theme, drink warm/hot water every few hours. This will keep your body warm and active, enabling the killing of the viruses and helping the cells fight and protect you better.
There are no scientific backings for this point, as in practicality a patient already having fever would not find it comfortable to have warm liquids when s/he needs the body temperature to cool down.

3. Avoid Mosquitoes

This one isn’t a brainer. You need to keep away from mosquitoes as much as possible. If you aren’t infected, avoiding mosquitoes will help keep it that way. However, if you are infected already, a second bite could prove to be more lethal and might boost the virus in your body.

• Try to wear clothes that don’t leave any skin areas exposed.

• Spray the house with anti-mosquito sprays/aerosol early in the morning and early in the evening to help kill the mosquitoes present in the house.

• Keep the doors and windows of the house closed at all times.

• Wear a mosquito repellent cream and carry it with you at all times.

• Carry a fast card or keep one at your place to get immediate relief.

4. Stay Hydrated

You need to keep your body hydrated; this needs to be done in any case. Water is the building block of life and it is also the guardian. It is good for your overall health as well. Water consumption should be done in large quantities regardless.
Remember to have boiled or safe drinking water at all times.

5. How Would You Know You’ve Had Enough Water?

Divide your weight by half. The number you get is the amount of water you should drink in oz. On a daily basis. If you weigh 70 kg (i.e. 150 pounds), you should consume 2.3 litres or 75 ounces of water at the very least.

6. Have Nutritious Food

General intake of food should be nutritious and healthy to help keep the immune system in check and boost its performance. The decrease of junk food will help your cells work better and fight the Dengue virus more.

7. General hygiene and care

• Change your hand towels after a day’s use.

• Keep your wet and soggy clothes and shoes away from the dry garments. Also, try to dry the wet ones as soon as possible.

• Avoid visiting crowded places like parks, theatres or exhibitions.

• Use hand sanitizers while travelling. Also, avoid touching things in general.

• Avoid getting wet in the rain.

Source
www.nature.com