WHO Health Guidelines to Protect from Mosquito Diseases | Godrej HIT

Wednesday, 19/10/2016

World Health Organization which is abbreviated as WHO is concerned with worldwide public health and is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Also, being one of the primary organization it comes under WHOs duty to address issues like mosquito borne diseases, come with precautions and guidelines too. WHO has done its fair share of research when it comes to mosquito borne diseases and come up with guidelines too. When we are talking about mosquito borne diseases that means we are talking about the diseases that are transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Some of the examples can be Chikungunya, Zika, Dengue and Malaria. Now, before understanding the guidelines, it’s important to understand the diseases and understands why the guidelines are formed.

What exactly is Chikungunya?


Chikungunya is an infection caused by the virus which goes by the same name. The virus is passed to human by two species of mosquitoes of different genus and they are Aedes and Aedes aegypti, which is commonly known as yellow fever mosquito. It causes fever and even joint pain, headache and nausea. The disease does have some similarities with dengue, however, the two aren’t the same thing. This is common in Africa and Asia, however, the other parts of the world aren’t immune from this disease either. Though, people have learnt about Chikungunya and its symptoms over the years, however, no specific treatment is available for curing the diseases. It has a record of spreading in more than 60 countries which makes it a serious worldwide threat. It is reported that only 0.001% people die from Chikungunya, however, more than 30 deaths in just one moth in the country’s capital in 2016 makes it an issue that can’t be ignored any longer. WHO response to the same by
●Formulating an evidence based management plan for the outbreak.
●Providing financial and technical support to the countries affected by it for more efficient management.
●Supporting other countries so that they improve their reporting systems.

●Training on vector control, clinical management at the regional levels by
●Publishing handbooks with guidelines on vector control and case management.
●Encouraging countries to develop and even maintain capacity that can detect and also confirm cases, manage patients and implement social strategies to reduce the presence of such diseases and mosquitoes.

What is Dengue?


Dengue is also a mosquito borne disease that is spread by the virus of the same name. The symptoms are similar to Chikungunya, however, they are not same. Dengue is also caused by several species of Aedes which is also responsible for Chikungunya. Much like Chikungunya, no particular treatment is there for Dengue, however, consuming a lot of fluids and having a lot of fruits and leafy vegetables are considered to be helpful during Dengue. WHO response to the same by
●Management of severe cases according to the guidelines and also selective vector control and active disease and vector surveillance.
●Environmental management
●Development of a vaccine
●Prevention of widespread vector control

What is Zika?


Much like others, Zika is also a mosquito borne disease which is caused by a virus transmitted which goes by the name Aedes mosquitoes. The symptoms are more or less same like Chikungunya or Dengue, however, the patient might suffer from skin rashes too when affected from this virus. However, the only difference is, Zika virus is considered mild and no specific treatment is required for the same. The food intake during Zika is similar to the food intake while suffering from Chikungunya or Dengue. WHO response to the same by
●Supporting countries which are suffering from Zika virus and taking actions against the same.
●Prioritizing research on Zika virus by experts.
●Enhance surveillance related to Zika virus.
●Engaging communities to understand the disease in a better way.
●Strengthen the capacity of laboratories so that they can detect Zika virus.
●Supporting health authorities in order to reduce Aedes mosquitoes.
●Preparing recommendation for clinical care.

What is Malaria?


It is a mosquito borne infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoans. The symptoms are same as any other mosquito borne disease, however, in extreme conditions it can cause coma, seizure, yellow skin and even death. WHO responses to the same by
●Assisting policy makers to refine national treatment policies.
●Help hospitals and also clinical managements to improve the situation.
●Promote use of treatments that are safe for malaria.
●Helping the countries to improve who are affected by Malaria.

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